Young adulthood is a time of change. It is a time when people leave school and often move out of the family home. It is also an age where concerns about health, particularly mental health, are high but people do not engage with health services and health information remains sparse. Participants of both the TEC and ABC study underwent a comprehensive health assessment when they were aged 22-27 years.
Dr Gurmeet Singh, Belinda Davison, Jennifer Goodall, Sarah Whalan, Joseph Fitz, Katie Montgomery-Quinn and Methinee Intarapanya made up the core research team.
The same core data including body size, shape and composition, cardiovascular measures and renal function, emotional status and lifestyle factors were once again assessed. These were expanded upon in this wave to include additional inflammatory markers, respiratory function and additional lifestyle markers such as major life events and stress biomarkers.
Following the mandatory fortification of iodized salt in bread in 2009, repeat urine iodine was assessed to ascertain the impact of this national intervention on the iodine status of young people in the Top End.
117 of the original cohort was seen at mean age 25 years.
Majority of people were in the healthy weight range.
The low prevalence of chronic disease markers in young adulthood suggests that there is still a window of opportunity beyond childhood to target interventions aimed at reducing the high burden of chronic disease in this high risk population.